How to Treat Comedones to Get Clear Skin


Comedo, or comedones (pl.), (sometimes called closed comedones) is the medical term for certain types of bumps on the skin that are the result of a clogged pore. The pore could be partially or fully blocked, which causes the formation of either a blackhead or a whitehead, respectively.

The number of comedones on the skin along with other types of blemishes, like zits and pimples, determines if it can be classified as acne. A single comedo, or a small grouping, is not necessarily categorized as acne, but is sometimes called comedonal acne.

What Causes Comedones?

The main cause of comedones is the blockage of skin pores. Your skin consists of millions of pores through which hair is grown. Just under the skin, in each pore, can be found a gland called the sebaceous gland, an oil gland.

The sebaceous gland provides the hair and skin nourishment and naturally prevents the hair and skin from drying out.It does this by secreting an oily liquid called sebum, which, when secreted normally, does not cause any noticeable skin issues.

However, when sebum is produced in excess, like in times of stress or when hormones are out of balance, build up can occur just under the skin. This condition can be exacerbated when pores are fully or partially blocked by dead skin cells or other substances, like dirt or make up.

Under these conditions the sebum does not have the ability to flow naturally through an open pore. The result is a small pocket of built up oil that causes a small bump on the skin, a comedo.

Hormones & Comedones

The majority of people tend to get comedonal acne most prominently during puberty. In both boys and girls, the hormonal changes going on within the body mean that the sebaceous glands are working overtime, producing an overabundance of the sebum fluid, causing oily skin.

Many teenagers suffer from oily skin and in some of the more extreme cases, where the production of sebum is going into overdrive, the onset of some of the more severe types of acne may occur. It is wise to seek medical advice at an early age and when the onset of acne first appears. This can reduce the risk of unnecessary scarring that can be caused by acne and its related skin conditions.

Even though it is most common, the teenage years are not he only time that acne can rear its ugly head. Comedonal acne and the causes of it can continue well into adulthood, with most people tapering off the signs of acne at around the age of 25 or so. With hormonal imbalances being the main root causes of the overproduction of sebum from the glands, many treatments for adults are available to choose from to reduce the pain and suffering caused by such lengthy bouts of acne.

Adult Hormonal Acne

As for adults, the sudden onset of acne can be triggered by hormonal imbalances caused by medication and other hormonal disturbing drugs, such as steroid treatments which can have a tremendous effect on the body’s hormone levels. Other medications such as those meant to treat bipolar disorders or depression can have an impact on the  hormones.

So if you are suffering from a mild form of acne, or comedones, that is related to these medications, it is wise to seek professional medical advice on how to reduce your risk of developing a more serious form of acne in the future.

Acne and Pregnancy

For many adult women, the onset of acne can occur during pregnancy, this is because the hormonal imbalance that pregnancy brings is sure to kick start the glands into working overtime. This is most prominent in the first three months during pregnancy when hormonal imbalances are triggered as the body adjusts to such dramatic changes.

pregnant without condones

Luckily, in most women, the imbalance of hormones tends to taper off after the first trimester as the body adjusts to the changes and the hormones are brought back into more normal levels. In some severe cases, unfortunately, pregnancy acne can continue throughout and even after pregnancy. For some, it just takes a while longer for the body to return to normal hormone levels.

Also in adult women, many find that just before menstruation, their skin can become more oily as the hormone changes that occur during their period may cause the onset of a mild comedonal acne outbreak.

Using the recommended methods suggested below are typically all that is needed to aid the skin and help keep any skin condition down to a minimum. Unless, of course, if you regularly suffer from acute acne.

Treatment for Comedonal Acne

When it comes to treating comedonal acne, and most other forms of acne for that matter, the severity of the acne will dictate how extensive your treatment plan will need to be. In all cases, the first place to start is with a topical cleanser. There are many cleansers out there, but my favorite is Misumi AHA 10% Skin Perfecting Cleanser.

Misumi is the latest breakthrough skin cleanser that is specifically formulated to manage oily skin, clear acne and restore a radiant and youthful complexion. AHA 10% Skin Perfecting Cleanser uses four primary ingredient to obtain amazing results. These include:

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GLYCOLIC ACID – An exfoliant, glycol acid penetrates deep into the outer layer of the skin to unclog pores by removing dead skin cells, dirt, and oil (the primary causes of acne). 

BROWN SEAWEED EXTRACT – Seaweed extract contains humectants (moisturizers) and Vitamin E that help to keep your skin hydrated; natural minerals like zinc and magnesium to deal with acne and sensitive skin issues; antioxidants to even skin discoloration; and amino acids to smooth out fine lines and wrinkles.

ROSEHIP OIL – Reduces the appearance of darks spots and relieves dry itchy skin. Also reduces acne scars and fine lines.

GLYCERIN – Another humectant powerhouse. Treats fine lines and wrinkles, acne and oily skin, and is one of the best anti-aging and healing substances. Also protects the skin from many of the damaging elements that our skin deals with every day like pollutants, sun, and irritants.

After cleansing the skin, it is important to follow up with a skin treatment that helps protect the skin from future breakouts. Misumi Pore Purifying Toner is one such treatment. This powerful toner utilizes witch hazel, lavender, sage leaf, and lemon peal extract (some of the best and most natural astringent herbal extracts) to constrict the pores in the skin and balance pH levels. Tightening the pores protects skin from oily buildup and prevents clogged pores, pimples, blackhead, and of course COMEDONES.

There are also specially made comedonal removal tools, like Premium Blackhead & Blemish Remover Kit by Chérir, that can clasp the blocked pore and remove the comedone right away. There is also a huge variety of gentle abrasive sponges and towels, such as a Body Acne Exfoliating Cloth, and shower gels, like MISUMI BLEMISH CLEAR BODY WASH, that are very effective.